Regenerative Medicine is a relatively new branch of medicine which uses tissue engineering and molecular biology to replace, engineer or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal functions. The term Regenerative Medicine was first used in 1992, but most of the development in the field has been done in the last ten years.
Damaged tissues and organs are stimulated by the body’s own repair mechanisms to help heal previously uncorrectable tissues or organs.
Regenerative Medicine also includes growing tissues and organs in the laboratory and implanting them when the body cannot heal itself.
Some of the biomedical approaches within the field of regenerative medicine use stem cells. In many cases, it can provide pain relief and can also repair damage caused by moderate to severe arthritis or injuries.
Many types of regenerative medicine are autologous, meaning that the cells or tissues are obtained from the same individual. They are injected into the affected area to stimulate the regeneration of damaged tissue and promote the healing of ligaments, joints, tendons or spinal discs. Regenerative medicine has been successful at relieving pain, restoring function and helping to avoid surgery.
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell therapy is the use of stem cells to treat or prevent a disease or condition. Our physicians specialize in assisting patients with degenerative disk disease and osteoarthritis. Previously, these conditions were treated through physical therapy, pain medicine, steroid injections or spinal fusion surgery. Today we use concentrated bone marrow aspirate as an adult stem cell preparation to promote regeneration of the spinal discs and osteoarthritis of the joints.Learn more about Stem Cell Therapy
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy
Platelet rich plasma therapy is an outpatient treatment used for some common orthopedic conditions.
Our goal is to stimulate and optimize your body’s ability to heal chronic conditions by injecting PRP into injured areas. PRP is taken from your blood, as a concentration of platelet cells, to help in the healing process of chronic neck, lower back, hip, knee, elbow, shoulder, foot and ankle injuries.
Research studies report that PRP is most effective in the treatment of chronic tendon injuries, especially tennis elbow, a very common injury of the tendons on the outside of the elbow. The use of PRP for other chronic tendon injuries – such as chronic Achilles tendonitis or inflammation of the patellar tendon at the knee (jumper’s knee) is promising.Learn more about Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy
MACI (Matrix Associated Chondrocyte Implantation)
MACI stands for Matrix Associated Chondrocyte Implantation, a technology that uses the patient’s own cartilage cells and glues them into the cartilage defect using a structure known as a cellularized scaffold. MACI is done through smaller incisions with significant improvements in operating time and an easier path to recovery. While this technology is new in the United States, it has an almost 10-year track record in Europe with excellent results. Dr. Gasser performed the first MACI articulated cartilage transplant ever to be done in the Tampa Bay area on April 13, 2017, at Florida Orthopaedic Institute Surgery Center.
MACI uses the patient’s own cells to treat cartilage defects in the knee. Many times when a patient comes in to see their doctor with knee pain, the cause is a piece of cartilage that has come loose or worn down. Since cartilage does not grow back, these defects usually get worse over time and can lead the patient to early osteoarthritis. MACI helps many patients avoid early partial and total joint replacements by restoring the cartilage surface of their knee before the problem progresses to a much worse situation.
With the enormous potential in new treatment methodologies of diseases and disorders, Florida Orthopaedic Institute is committed to being on the forefront of this rapidly changing and advancing field. The following physicians have additional training and specialize in regenerative medicine.
Frequently Asked Questions About Regenerative Medicine
Q. Where do adult regenerative cells come from?
A. Regenerative cells are present within various tissues and organs.
Q. How are regenerative cells obtained and prepared?
A. One of the richest sources of regenerative cells is bone marrow, and the hip (pelvis) is one of the best and easiest locations for obtaining bone marrow.
Q. Will my body reject the regenerative cells?
A. Since they are collected from your own tissue, they do not represent an immunogenic threat. Also, it avoids the possibility of disease transmission from the use of donor material.
Q. Will my insurance cover these procedures?
A. While these procedures have been used for decades, their application in orthopedic procedures is relatively new in the U.S. As a result, many insurance companies do not currently cover these procedures, and full payment is due in advance by the patient. Costs will vary.
Q. What is the cost of regenerative medicine?
A. Costs vary based on the procedure.
Q. How long does PRP therapy take?
A. Our physicians perform PRP therapy on an outpatient basis, and it typically takes less than one hour to complete.
Q. What’s the recovery time of PRP therapy?
A. Patients may experience soreness between 2-5 days after treatment, and use of anti-inflammatory medications is not advised during treatment.